The Bay of Islands consists of two quite distinct parts: the Outer section (roughly the left half of this map) is an open, heavily glaciated area of quite high mountains, steep cliffs and the ever-present Gulf of St Lawrence; the Inner section (roughly the right half of the map) consists of several fiords reaching some 20 kilometres or so inland and is part of the central plateau of the Island.
The Inner Bay consists of three main fiords known as North Arm, Middle Arm, and Humber Arm. Middle Arm further subdivides into two fiords, Penguin Arm and Goose Arm. The small town of Cox’s Cove is today the only community on Middle Arm. Humber Arm is the most populated, with settlement all along both sides. The City of Corner Brook is at its eastern end near the mouth of the Humber River. On each shore extending west from Corner Brook is a road passing through a string of small towns.
When there were no real roads in the area and the only easy means of transportation was by water, several small isolated settlements of fishermen existed around the Bay, and at the end of the Nineteenth Century about a dozen small factories canned lobster for export mostly to the USA. These canneries have since disappeared as transportation has improved and most lobsters are now sold fresh or frozen.
View westwards down the Humber Arm, Bay of Islands. Starting on the left of the picture, Route 450 winds between houses on its way out the Bay. In the centre of the picture is Blow-Me-Down Mountain at a distance of about 25 km (15 miles).
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